How to make a breeding tank for discus? Not always easy when one begins. I propose in this article (and video) to find some keys to a successful project.
It will complement the video report I published on YouTube. You will find it below.
Looking for adventures?
You keep your discus correctly for some time. They are healthy and will surely start to show reproductive behavior.
You will maybe feel the urge to breed some fry and attend the fabulous spectacle of the babies dancing around their parents.
Get discus eggs is not very hard. Conduct an egg to young 5-6 cm fry is a little bit more complex.
Discus: really complex?
Not really, if one has the means to succeed and especially to invest some of his time (Finally the definition of a hobby!).
Also… (or perhaps "mostly") the success of this venture will be conditioned by all the good advices you can glean. Keeping still in mind that nothing will replace the practice!
Wanting to reproduce discus, it's sometimes accept that everything does not go well the first time…
You will have to be aware that making a breeding tank for discus is accepting to engage yourself.
Because the reproduction of this wonderful fish AND the raising will require installing not one… but some aquariums.
You will have to be ready to spend some of your time, because this adventure can be somewhat time consuming. (Especially the first month of fry life)
What I present here, is finally the beginning of the story. Meaning some tools to get you on the right track.
You have to not hesitate to equip yourself a minimum in order to facilitate the task. Remember to reflect about all binding aspects such as the evacuationion of waste water or the flow and storage of "clean" water.
A reflection that will save you valuable time…
breeding tank for discus : Simple and efficient
There are many methods to install a breeding tank for discus.
The one I present in the video is simple and effective. However, you will have to take into account that the proposed filter requires some monitoring.
"Airlift" or "air sponge" filtration requires regular maintenance. Indeed, it does not have the large bacterial colonization surface as we can see in other filters.
You will therefore regularly remove excrements lying on the bottom of the aquarium, and periodically clean the foam (With aquarium water).
This to avoid the foam to saturate with organic matters; and continue to play its role.
Choose an bare bottom tank of a hundred liters of water. The ideal dimensions often described are 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm. But the standard size are very suitable.
Beware with low cost material
I know it's somewhat fashionable to propose "low cost" methods … But I advise you to invest in order not to hamper you with average quality material.
For example, I would mention the case of sponge filter that can be found at various prices… Prefer a reliable source.
Still some time ago, I heard German amateurs complain about their fish… (No fertilization, low success, unviable fry etc.…) This until the analyzes of their sponge filters show the presence of many chemical and toxic products of all kinds…
Although it's a little (sometimes much) more expensive, I encourage you to invest in good equipment.
On the video you saw, I use TEKair filters from JBL… But according to my latest informations, the German brand stopped its distribution (A Shame). To replace it, we recommend the models available on the boutique « Fanatik-Animals ».
Orient your preference on fine pore foams.
Regarding the other elements that are the air pump or the heating, my choice would be for a reliable air pump of the type Mistral air pump from Aquarium Münster and a Jäger heater.
Test the aquarium water…
Discus require itself a regular monitors of its environment. If adult fish accept more mineralized waters; eggs of your favorite fish will be on the other hand a little bit less tolerant.
To check that you are in acceptable values for the proper embryonic development of the egg; you will need you a bit of equipment.
If you have the budget, you can buy a full range of tests.
But the minimum, should be a conductivity meter (Like the Hanna instruments DIST 3 for example), a pH, nitrites and nitrates tests.
The parameters you will mostly check are conductivity, pH and finally nitrates.
We seek to be around 100 micro siemens / cm for the conductivity (variable tolerance according discus strains), with an acid pH (Under 7) and a nitrate value as low as possible.
This will influence the survival rates at various critical stages: Sperm motility, Fertilization, embryonic phase, outbreak, larval stage, free swimming stage etc…)
If needed, I recommend the reading of this article I wrote on Fanatik-Discus: Understand the main water parameters.
Unless you have the chance to have this type of water out of the tap, you will probably need to equip yourself with an osmosis unit. It will allow you to adjust your water parameters very easily.
To sum up a breeding aquarium for discus is…
List of materials needed to install your discus breeding aquarium:
- An aquarium of about 100 litres
- A heater
- A sponge filter (Or any other system which not aspire fry)
- A air pump
- A medium-power lighting
- a thermometer
- a Conductivity meter
- Water drop tests: pH (or electronic), nitrites, nitrates
- A breeding cone
The foundations are laid… If necessary, feel free to ask questions or even share your tips at the end of this article.
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You will greatly take part to its development and its exposure to the public.
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See you soon!
Instagram -> @ Fanatik.discus-Yann Hoiret